Translated into English, the German notion of Bildung means education, as in "Erwachsenenbildung" (adult education) or " Bildungswissenschaften" (educational sciences). Beside this general use, Bildung is also a philosophical concept that refers to processes of cultivation of human capacities as well as to the end state of this process, the state of being educated, cultivated, or erudite.
Fuhr, T. (2017)., Bildung, in A. Laros, T. Fuhr & E. W. Taylor (eds.), Transformative learning meets Bildung, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 3-15.
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