For a long time in contemporary scholarship, the question pertaining to history was not on the forefront of philosophical investigation. This question was perceived as an issue “of the past” and of no particular interest. However, in recent years, this question has resurfaced and is today one of the most urgent interrogations in the face of the multiple crises (crisis of democracy, ecological crisis, crisis of education, etc.) we are confronting in our contemporary context.
The philosophical refection on history has undergone throughout the XXth Century considerable shifts and profound alterations. Indeed, following the 1st and 2nd World Wars, our thinking of history has evolved and called to address problems which remained unthought in the traditional philosophies of history from Kant to Schelling, Hegel and Marx, from Croce, Kojève and even to Heidegger. From the 1st and the 2nd World Wars, and most particularly in the shadow of the violence of the trenches, the Holocaust, the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, philosophers such as Benjamin, Rosenzweig to Levinas, Patocka, Gadamer, Ricoeur or Derrida, engaged in a powerful re-examination of the question of history. Following from these, and also others, our starting point can be formulated as follows: what occurred to the question of history after the dissolution of the great historical narratives of Reason in History, of progress and normative orientation, of the perfectibility of humanity through its recognition of the supposed inherent and essential meaning of History? How are we to rethink History after the “destruction of reason”, as Lukacs termed, and thus, after the traditional models of interpretation or structures of comprehension of historical meaning appear inappropriate, and at times even desolate?
Furthermore, has the development of capitalism and its globalization not urged our humanity to think another relation to our environment as well as another conception of historical becoming? Are the recent technological breakthroughs (for example: bio-technology, artifcial intelligence, robotics, etc.) to be considered as an accomplishment of the horizon of the Modern humanist conceptions of history? Does technology only arbour negative efects on our historical consciousness? Or, do its advancements not project us towards other forms of positive historical becoming? The relation between the development of technology and history urges us also to examine our relationship with nature, and the environment,
in the light of the philosophy of history. Indeed, how does our relationship to the natural environment affect the very perennity of our historical becoming and future?
We seek to propose in this Issue of METODO a revisitation of the idea and question of history as well as develop contemporary approaches to the various problematics erupting out of our conceptions of history, such as the status of historical consciousness, the role of memory, testimony and judgment, the meaning of commemoration and the justifcation of representation, the ethical ground for reconciliation and “civil peace”, the problem of radical evil and guilt, perfectibility and emancipation, historical reason and interpretation, and the fate of humanism, etc. We also seek here to provide phenomenological analyses on the philosophical, theological and political efects of our contemporary approaches of history.
This issue will propose renewed philosophical refections on the question of history where both our understanding and comprehension of past historical events and future consequences of these on the becoming of history are to be analysed. Our aim is to develop a contemporary outlook on the philosophical signifcation of our relation to history, eschatology, teleology.
Abstracts and papers must be submitted to the following e-mail addresses: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submitted papers (in English, German, French, Spanish or Italian) must follow the basic principles of Metodo and follow all Author Guidelines. The editorial board highly suggests all authors writing in a non-native language to have their texts proofread before submission. All contributions will undergo anonymous peer-review by two referees.
The final deadline for submissions is May 31, 2022.