During the twentieth century, the experience of the two great World Wars and multiple regional conflicts—as well as the steady advance of the scientific and technological globalization—gradually undermined the confidence of Western humanity in the notions of rational progress (theoretical and practical) set in motion since Modern Times by the scientific revolution and its philosophical foundations. This context motivated renewed critiques of the modern concept of a theoretical, logocentric, and objective rational subject, associated with the notions of exclusion and domination—a paradigm still prevailing in natural sciences, and imitated by various modern political programs.
In recent decades, this anthropocentric paradigm has confronted successive crises on countless fronts, such as on the current global climate change and health crises. The upshot has been the current immanent (albeit slow) transformation of the dominant scientific paradigms, also visible in numerous global manifestations of geopolitical and ideological crises.
Scientific and philosophical reflections have also gradually resignified “the human place in the cosmos” (Scheler), and retrieved a “renewed” concept of man and culture that Husserl had already launched in his articles for the Kaizō (Renewal) journal, written between 1922-1924. Human beings, in the work of phenomenological and hermeneutic philosophers, have been recognized for more than a century not only as part of nature (as “beings-in-the-world”), but also as engaged in an ethically responsible relationship with nature, other human beings, and their traditions—endowing them with meaning through language and their cultural and scientific productions—(as “subjects-for-the-world”).
The XVIII Peruvian Journeys of Phenomenology and Hermeneutics, therefore, will offer the space to rethink the role of humanity and the meaning of a discipline such as anthropology, as regards to culture, at a global level in the 21st century.
Keynote speakers: Javier San Martín (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain), Marcela Venebra (Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México), and Ion Copoeru (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj, România).